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P2Rx™ Topic Hubs

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Dioxin: Complete List of Reference Documents
Table of Contents
Background and Overview
Releases to the Atmosphere
Dioxin in the Environment
Dioxin in the Food Supply
Health Effects
Regulations & Policies
Dioxin Prevention
Assistance Activities
Where To Go for Help
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Article/report (26) / Case study/success story (4) / Chapter (1) / Fact sheet/checklist (9) / List (2) / Manual/handbook/curriculum (1) / Other resources (2) / Periodical (8) / Software/electronic tool (1) / Web site (8)

NOTE: [PDF] links require Acrobat Reader from Adobe.


- Article/report -    Top of Page

2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-Dioxin (TCDD); "Dioxin" [PDF]
Abstract: States how TCDD is produced, how humans are exposed to it, and why it was upgraded to a "known" human carcinogen.
Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, National Toxicology Program
URL: http://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/ntp/roc/twelfth/profiles/Tetrachlor
odibenzodioxin.pdf

A Comparison of Dioxin Risk Characterizations [PDF]
Abstract: Discusses the composition of dioxin, environmental levels of dioxin, human exposure to dioxin, dioxin emission sources, and health effects associated with dioxin (both cancer and non-cancer).
Source: Chlorine Chemistry Council
URL: http://www.dioxinfacts.org/dioxin_health/public_policy/dr.pd
f

A Comparison of Dioxin Risk Characterizations [PDF]
Abstract: Discusses the composition of dioxin, environmental levels of dioxin, human exposure to dioxin, dioxin emission sources, and health effects associated with dioxin (both cancer and non-cancer).
Source: Chlorine Chemistry Council
URL: http://www.dioxinfacts.org/dioxin_health/public_policy/dr.pd
f

Acheiving Zero Dioxin: An Emergency Strategy for Dioxin Elimination
Abstract: Focuses on dioxins in the environment and humans, toxicity of dioxins, risk assessment, formation and sources of dioxins and chlorine, and phasing out of dioxins.
Source: Greenpeace International
URL: http://www.greenpeace.org/india/Global/india/report/1994/8/a
chieving-zero-dioxin.html

Assessment & Control of Dioxin in Massachusetts
Abstract: Discusses revised toxicity factors used with the dioxin air quality guidelines.
Source: Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection
URL: http://www.mass.gov/eea/agencies/massdep/toxics/reports/asse
ssment-and-control-of-dioxin-in-massachusetts.html

Department of Veterans Affairs Links Agent Orange and Diabetes
Abstract: Reveals the link between type II diabetes and Vietnam Veterans exposed to the herbicide Agent Orange.
Source: Department of Veterans Affairs
URL: http://www1.va.gov/pressrel/aodiab.htm

Dioxin and Dioxin-Like Compounds in the Food Supply: Strategies To Decrease Exposure
Abstract: Contains opening statements by Michael Taylor, J.D., on the report, "Dioxins and Dioxin-Like Compounds in the Food Supply: Strategies to Decrease Exposure."
Source: The National Academies: Advisers to the Nation on Science, Engineering, and Medicine
URL: http://www.iom.edu/?id=13097&redirect=0

Dioxin Exposure Initiative
Abstract: Focuses on three major aspects of the Dioxin Exposure Initiative (DEI): Sources Forward, Human Exposure Backwards, and Dioxin Sediment Trends. This is a way for the Environmental Protection Agency to link dioxin sources to population exposures.
Source: United States Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://cfpub.epa.gov/ncea/cfm/recordisplay.cfm?deid=15239

Dioxin Exposure Initiative
Abstract: Focuses on three major aspects of the Dioxin Exposure Initiative (DEI): Sources Forward, Human Exposure Backwards, and Dioxin Sediment Trends. This is a way for the Environmental Protection Agency to link dioxin sources to population exposures.
Source: United States Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://cfpub.epa.gov/ncea/cfm/recordisplay.cfm?deid=15239

Dioxin Report
Abstract: Users can go to this website and scrolI down the list of recent publications to request a copy of the Dioxin Report. This report identifies the major sources of dioxins in New York and New Jersey.
Source: New York Acedemy of Sciences
URL: http://www.nyas.org/programs/harbor.asp

Dioxins and Dioxin-like Compounds in the Food Supply: Strategies to Decrease Exposure
Abstract: Given the paucity of scientific evidence available to the committee about current levels of DLCs in food and feeds and the impact of low-level exposure on human health, this report provides qualitative recommendations for options to reduce exposure through the food supply. Further, this report emphasizes the need for cost-effective analytical methods and research to determine the direction of future actions to further reduce DLC exposure through pathways leading to human foods.
Source: The National Academies: Advisers to the Nation on Science, Engineering, and Medicine
URL: http://www.iom.edu/?id=13097&redirect=0

Draft Dioxin Reassessment
Abstract: Contains peer reviews of the dioxin reassessment.
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://cfpub.epa.gov/ncea/cfm/recordisplay.cfm?deid=88343

Estimating Exposure to Dioxin-Like Compounds Volume I: Executive Summary
Abstract: Contains sections on properties, sources, environmental levels, and background sources of dioxin; site-specific assessment procedures for dioxin; and recommendations for future dioxin research.
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://cfpub.epa.gov/si/si_public_record_Report.cfm?dirEntry
ID=43870

Estimating Exposure to Dioxin-Like Compounds Volume I: Executive Summary
Abstract: Contains sections on properties, sources, environmental levels, and background sources of dioxin; site-specific assessment procedures for dioxin; and recommendations for future dioxin research.
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://cfpub.epa.gov/si/si_public_record_Report.cfm?dirEntry
ID=43870

Estimating the Bioaccumulation of Dioxin and Related Compounds in Aquatic Life and Associated Wildlife
Abstract: Discusses a project to track dioxin as it bioaccumulates through the environment.
Source: United States Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://cfpub.epa.gov/ncea/cfm/recordisplay.cfm?deid=22467

Exposure and Human Health Reassessment of 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-Dioxin (TCDD) and Related Compounds National Academy Sciences (NAS) Review Draft
Abstract: Comprehensive report discusses sources of exposure, health effects, and risk characterization of dioxin and related compounds.
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://www.epa.gov/ncea/pdfs/dioxin/nas-review/

How To Start To Stop Dioxin Exposure in Your Community
Abstract: Focuses on sources, health effects, and problems of dioxins. It further discusses ways to the current path to stop dioxin exposure and ways individuals can get involved in their communities.
Source: Citizens Clearinghouse for Hazardous Waste
URL: http://www.ejnet.org/dioxin/dioxin.html

How To Start To Stop Dioxin Exposure in Your Community
Abstract: Focuses on sources, health effects, and problems of dioxins. It further discusses ways to the current path to stop dioxin exposure and ways individuals can get involved in their communities.
Source: Citizens Clearinghouse for Hazardous Waste
URL: http://www.ejnet.org/dioxin/dioxin.html

Mechanism of Dioxin Action [PDF]
Abstract: Focuses on the molecular mechanism of dioxin action and enzymes that dioxins can introduce.
Source: Michael S. Denison, Professor of Environmental Toxicology
URL: http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/picrender.fcgi?artid=309073
&blobtype=pdf

New Review Suggests Possible Association Between Agent Orange and Adult-Onset Diabetes
Abstract: Discusses the possible link between type II diabetes and Agent Orange in Vietnam Veterans.
Source: The National Academies: Advisers to the Nation on Science, Engineering, and Medicine
URL: http://www8.nationalacademies.org/onpinews/newsitem.aspx?Rec
ordID=9982

Potent Immune System Poison: Dioxin
Abstract: Focuses on dioxin's ability to attack B and T cells, which in turn affects the immune system.
Source: Rachel's Environment & Health News
URL: http://www.ejnet.org/rachel/rehw414.htm

San Francisco Bay Area Dioxin Air-Monitoring Network
Abstract: Discusses program conducted throughout the Bay Area in California, sampling ambient air and testing it for dioxins.
Source: Bay Area Air Quality Management District
URL: http://www.arb.ca.gov/aaqm/qmosopas/dioxins/dioxins.htm

Section 129 Rules for Solid Waste Combustion [PDF]
Abstract: Discusses the addition of section 129 to the Clean Air Act, which provides new guidelines for new and existing solid waste combustors.
Source: United States Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://www.epa.gov/ttn/atw/129/gil2.pdf

The Belgian Dioxin Crisis and Its Effects on Agricultural Production and Exports
Abstract: Discusses how egg and egg-containing products from Belgium, France, and the Netherlands and animal feed from European countries were detained at ports of entry into the United States in 1999 because the products were possibly contaminated with dioxins.
Source: Food and Drug Administration
URL: http://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/aer-agricultural-econom
ic-report/aer828.aspx

Thyroid Hormone Disruption: Dioxins Linked to Attention Deficit, Learning Problems
Abstract: Discusses how behavioral, learning, and memory problems due to dioxin exposure, both prenatally and during infancy, may be linked to disruption of the thyroid hormone.
Source: University of Maryland, Baltimore
URL: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/1998/01/980113155609.ht
m

Toxic Alert on Dioxin
Abstract: Contains overview of what dioxins are, how they are emitted into the atmosphere, and ways to avoid them.
Source: Jonathan Campbell, Alternative Health Consultant
URL: http://www.cqs.com/edioxin.htm


- Case study/success story -    Top of Page

Dioxin and Human Sex Ratio: The Seveso Case [PDF]
Abstract: Discusses case study of Seveso, Italy, a community contaminated with dioxin in a 1976 factory explosion; detects a lower sex ratio of the inhabitants highly exposed to dioxin.
Source: Paolo Mocarelli, University of Milano Bicocca
URL: http://www.newmoa.org/prevention/topichub/107/dioxin_and_sex
_ratio.pdf

Love Canal
Abstract: Contains overview of the Love Canal, which was contaminated with high levels of dioxins; focuses on the site description, contamination, cleanup approach, and current status.
Source: United States Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://www.epa.gov/region02/superfund/npl/lovecanal/

Survey of Dioxin and Furan Compounds in Sediments of Florida Panhandle Bay Systems [PDF]
Abstract: Discusses case study on Pensacola, Florida, in which high levels of dioxin were discovered in sediment samples.
Source: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
URL: http://www.newmoa.org/prevention/topichub/107/survey_of_diox
in_and_furan_compounds.pdf

Times Beach Case Study: One-Page Summary
Abstract: Focuses on success story of Times Beach, Missouri, and efforts the nation made to cleanup dangerous levels of dioxin in the community.
Source: United States Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://cfpub.epa.gov/supercpad/cursites/csitinfo.cfm?id=0701
237


- Chapter -    Top of Page

Draft Dioxin Reassessment: Human Exposures to CDD, CDF, and PCB Cogeners [PDF]
Abstract: The purpose of this chapter is to assess background exposures to the dioxin-like compounds among the general population.
Source: EPA
URL: http://www.epa.gov/ncea/pdfs/dioxin/part1/volume3/chap-4.pdf


- Fact sheet/checklist -    Top of Page

Dioxins and Their Effects on Human Health
Abstract: Discusses chemistry and sources of dioxins, health effects associated with dioxins, how people can lower their dioxin intake, and what the World Health Organization is doing to lower dioxin levels in the food chain.
Source: World Health Organization
URL: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs225/en/index.htm
l

Dioxins and Their Effects on Human Health
Abstract: Discusses chemistry and sources of dioxins, health effects associated with dioxins, how people can lower their dioxin intake, and what the World Health Organization is doing to lower dioxin levels in the food chain.
Source: World Health Organization
URL: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs225/en/index.htm
l

EPA's Final Pulp, Paper, and Paperboard [PDF]
Abstract: Discusses EPA's Pulp, Paper and Paperboard Cluster Rule and its impacts.
Source: United States Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://www.epa.gov/waterscience/pulppaper/jd/fs1.pdf

Fact Sheet - Reporting Dioxin and Dioxin-Like Compounds [PDF]
Abstract: Discusses the classifying, filing, reporting, and quantifying of dioxin-like compounds.
Source: Massachusetts Office of Technical Assistance
URL: http://www.mass.gov/dep/toxics/laws/mwcfinal.pdf

Hazardous Substance Fact Sheet: 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-Dioxin [PDF]
Abstract: Lists why 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin is considered a hazardous substance, health effects it can cause, and ways exposure can be avoided.
Source: New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services
URL: http://nj.gov/health/eoh/rtkweb/documents/fs/1806.pdf

Proposed Federal Plan To Implement Emission Guidelines for Small Existing Municipal Waste Combustors [PDF]
Abstract: Lists background information, today's actions, and health and environmental benefits associated with emission guidelines for small, existing municipal waste combustors.
Source: United States Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://www.epa.gov/ttn/atw/129/mwc/propfs.pdf

Questions and Answers about Dioxins
Abstract: Focuses on answering questions about dioxins, EPA's dioxin report, food safety, and risk assessment.
Source: United States Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://www.fda.gov/Food/FoodborneIllnessContaminants/Chemica
lContaminants/ucm077524.htm

Questions and Answers about Dioxins
Abstract: Focuses on answering questions about dioxins, EPA's dioxin report, food safety, and risk assessment.
Source: United States Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://www.fda.gov/Food/FoodborneIllnessContaminants/Chemica
lContaminants/ucm077524.htm

Technical Fact Sheet on Dioxin (2,3,7,8-TCDD)
Abstract: Lists health effects, release patterns, and environmental fate of TCDD.
Source: United States Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://water.epa.gov/drink/contaminants/basicinformation/dio
xin-2-3-7-8-tcdd.cfm


- List -    Top of Page

Continuing EPA Efforts To Reduce the Public's Exposure to Dioxin Risks [PDF]
Abstract: Lists actions taken by the EPA to decrease dioxin releases and contamination.
Source: United States Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://www.epa.gov/ncea/pdfs/dioxin/factsheets/dioxin_regs.p
df

Continuing EPA Efforts To Reduce the Public's Exposure to Dioxin Risks [PDF]
Abstract: Lists actions taken by the EPA to decrease dioxin releases and contamination.
Source: United States Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://www.epa.gov/ncea/pdfs/dioxin/factsheets/dioxin_regs.p
df


- Manual/handbook/curriculum -    Top of Page

User's Manual for the Database of Sources of Environmental Releases of Dioxin-Like Compounds in the U.S.: Reference Years 1987 and 1995
Abstract: This database was developed by EPA's Office of Research and Development (ORD) to be a repository of certain specific chlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin/dibenzofuran (CDD/CDF) emissions data from all known sources in the United States.
Source: EPA
URL: http://cfpub.epa.gov/ncea/cfm/recordisplay.cfm?deid=55405&CF
ID=4132267&CFTOKEN=41706293&jsessionid=4a309d8ce31689ef6
a261117191f2e1ac533


- Other resources -    Top of Page

Air Quality Planning & Standards: Summaries of Related Solid Waste Incineration Rules
Abstract: Describes Federal Regulations.
Source: United States Senate
URL: http://www.epa.gov/airprogm/oar/oaqps/takingtoxics/p3.html

DioxinFacts.org: Trends
Abstract: Graph depicts trends in dioxin emissions since 1987.
Source: Chlorine Chemistry Council
URL: http://www.dioxinfacts.org/sources_trends/trends.html


- Periodical -    Top of Page

Dioxin and Health
Abstract: Describes health problems caused by dioxin exposure, including chloracne, cancer, behavioral effects and learning disorders, decreased male sex hormone, diabetes, immune system toxicity, sperm loss, and endometriosis.
Source: Rachel's Environment and Health Week #463
URL: http://www.ejnet.org/rachel/rehw463.htm

Dioxin and Health
Abstract: Describes health problems caused by dioxin exposure, including chloracne, cancer, behavioral effects and learning disorders, decreased male sex hormone, diabetes, immune system toxicity, sperm loss, and endometriosis.
Source: Rachel's Environment and Health Week #463
URL: http://www.ejnet.org/rachel/rehw463.htm

Dioxin and PCBs Linked to Endometriosis
Abstract: Discusses study showing dioxin causes endometriosis in rhesus monkeys.
Source: Rachel's Environment and Health News #364
URL: http://www.ejnet.org/rachel/rhwn364.htm

Dioxin Initiative [PDF]
Abstract: Provides an overivew of dioxin and shows how the Northeastern states and organizations are planning to reduce dioxin.
Source: Northeast Waste Management Officials' Assocation
URL: http://www.newmoa.org/prevention/newsletters/13_2/Vol13-2.pd
f

Dioxins and Furans: Where They Come From
Abstract: Covers how dioxins and furans are produced through manufacturing and burning.
Source: Know Your Environment: A Publication of the Environmental Associates
URL: http://www.newmoa.org/prevention/topichub/107/dioxins_and_fu
rans-where_they_come_from.htm

Dioxins and Furans: Where They Come From
Abstract: Covers how dioxins and furans are produced through manufacturing and burning.
Source: Know Your Environment: A Publication of the Environmental Associates
URL: http://www.newmoa.org/prevention/topichub/107/dioxins_and_fu
rans-where_they_come_from.htm

Groundbreaking Test Finds Dioxins in Food
Abstract: Contains article showing food contamination results.
Source: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health
URL: http://www.care2.com/greenliving/test-finds-dioxins-in-food.
html

Groundbreaking Test Finds Dioxins in Food
Abstract: Contains article showing food contamination results.
Source: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health
URL: http://www.care2.com/greenliving/test-finds-dioxins-in-food.
html


- Software/electronic tool -    Top of Page

Database of Sources of Environmental Releases of Dioxin-Like Compounds in the United States
Abstract: Contains information that tracks dioxin emissions over time, compares profiles between and among sources, and develops source emission factors in the years 1987 and 1995.
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://cfpub.epa.gov/ncea/cfm/recordisplay.cfm?deid=20797


- Web site -    Top of Page

Backyard Trash Burning: The Wrong Answer
Abstract: Provides information about backyard trash burning and its impacts to the environment, including the release of harmful chemicals, such as dioxins. The website also includes links to a brochure, PDF document, and CD-ROM version of the information.
Source: Chlorine Chemistry Council
URL: http://www.dioxinfacts.org/sources_trends/trash_burning.html

California's Dioxins Program
Abstract: Discusses monitoring and information gathered by California's Air Toxics Program.
Source: California Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://www.arb.ca.gov/toxics/dioxins/dioxins.htm

Chemical Profile for 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-Dioxin (TCDD)
Abstract: Focuses on TCDD health hazards, hazard rankings, chemical testing, and safety assessment.
Source: Environmental Defense
URL: http://scorecard.goodguide.com/chemical-profiles/summary.tcl
?edf_substance_id=1746-01-6

Dioxin and Related Compounds
Abstract: Includes basic information about dioxins and dioxin-like compounds, frequently asked questions, and links to reports and other documents about dioxins.
Source: EPA
URL: http://cfpub.epa.gov/ncea/cfm/recordisplay.cfm?deid=55264

Dioxin and Waste Combustion: It's Not What You Burn- It's the Way You Burn It!
Abstract: Provides information on dioxin and furan emissions from combustion processes.
Source: Chlorine Chemistry Council
URL: http://www.dioxinfacts.org/sources_trends/the_way.html

Dioxin Facts - Questions and Answers
Abstract: A compilation of common questions and answers about Dioxin and it's role in our lives.
Source: American Chemistry Council
URL: http://www.dioxinfacts.org/questions_answers/index.html

Dioxin in Depth
Abstract: Contains in-depth articles on sources and trends of dioxins (including incinerators, combustors, and trash-burning) and health problems caused by dioxins (including dioxins in breast milk and decreasing body levels of dioxins).
Source: Chlorine Chemistry Council
URL: http://www.dioxinfacts.org/

Effluent Guidelines: Pulp and Paper Rule-Making Actions
Abstract: Contains regulatory information on pulp, paper, and paperboard mills' emissions; fact sheets on pulp and paper industries; and supporting documents on the Pulp and Paper Cluster Rule.
Source: United States Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://water.epa.gov/scitech/wastetech/guide/pulppaper/index
.cfm

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The Dioxin Topic Hub™ was developed by:

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Contact email: abray@newmoa.org

Hub Last Updated: 10/8/2013