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P2Rx™ Topic Hubs

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Safer Chemical Alternatives: Complete List of Reference Documents
Table of Contents
Background and Overview
Reasons for Action
Identifying Chemical Hazards - Labeling Systems
Related Efforts, Tools, and Resources
Case Studies and Examples
Where to Go for Help
Complete List of Links

Browse by Keyword
Alternative technologies / Assessment / Best management practices / Chemical engineering / Chemical industry / Chemical spills / Chemical tracking / Chemical treatment / Chemicals / Chemistry / Coating processes / Coatings / Energy conservation / Environmental chemistry / Environmental degradation / More Keywords...

Browse by Resource Type
Article/report (35) / Case study/success story (9) / Fact sheet/checklist (1) / List (6) / Manual/handbook/curriculum (20) / Other resources (2) / Proceedings (2) / Software/electronic tool (9) / Web site (22)

NOTE: [PDF] links require Acrobat Reader from Adobe.


- Article/report -    Top of Page

An Abbreviated Alternatives Assessment Process for Product Designers
Abstract: A crib manufacturer assessed alternatives to polyvinyl chloride (PVC) in their baby crib line, by evaluating constituents of 4 mattresses/3 mattress covers - for human and environmental hazards. They replaced all PVC-based components.
Source: Journal of Cleaner Production
URL: http://www.turi.org/content/view/full/7544

An Abbreviated Alternatives Assessment Process for Product Designers
Abstract: A crib manufacturer assessed alternatives to polyvinyl chloride (PVC) in their baby crib line, by evaluating constituents of 4 mattresses/3 mattress covers - for human and environmental hazards. They replaced all PVC-based components.
Source: Journal of Cleaner Production
URL: http://www.turi.org/content/view/full/7544

Assessment of Alternatives to Perchloroethylene for the Dry Cleaning Industry
Abstract: Alternatives assessment of seven common alternatives to perc to help dry cleaners find technically viable and environmentally preferred methods for cleaning clothes
Source: TURI
URL: http://www.turi.org/About/Library/TURI_Publications/TURI-Met
hods-Policy-Reports/Assessment_of_Alternatives_to_Perchl
oroethylene_for_the_Dry_Cleaning_Industry

BizNGO
Abstract: An organization that promotes safer, more environmentally friendly chemicals for workplaces that would normally use dangerous chemicals.
Source: Clean Production Action
URL: http://www.bizngo.org/guidingPrinciples.php

ChemHAT - Chemical Hazard and Alternatives Toolbox
Abstract: Tool/database for gleaning hazard information about many chemicals. Provides icons for hazards, exposure and protection information, and links to data and case studies for safer alternatives.
Source: IUE-CWA, the Industrial Division of the Communications Workers of America and the BlueGreen Alliance (BGA)
URL: http://www.chemhat.org

Chemicals Prioritization: An Approach by the American Chemistry Council (ACC)
Abstract: The American Chemistry Council's (ACC)'s approach to prioritizing chemicals is used to identify priority substances that should be further evaluated and could lead to risk management measures. The ACC's approach is both science and risk-based, and utilizes existing data used by industry and regulation.
Source: American Chemistry Council
URL: http://www.americanchemistry.com/Prioritization-Document

Chemicals Prioritization: An Approach by the American Chemistry Council (ACC)
Abstract: The American Chemistry Council's (ACC)'s approach to prioritizing chemicals is used to identify priority substances that should be further evaluated and could lead to risk management measures. The ACC's approach is both science and risk-based, and utilizes existing data used by industry and regulation.
Source: American Chemistry Council
URL: http://www.americanchemistry.com/Prioritization-Document

Domestic Substances List
Abstract: An inventory of approximately 23,000 substances manufactured in, imported into or used in Canada on a commercial scale, with authoritative rankings on several toxicity endpoints or categorizations.
Source: Environment Canada
URL: http://www.ec.gc.ca/lcpe-cepa/default.asp?lang=En&n=5F213FA8
-1

Domestic Substances List
Abstract: An inventory of approximately 23,000 substances manufactured in, imported into or used in Canada on a commercial scale, with authoritative rankings on several toxicity endpoints or categorizations.
Source: Environment Canada
URL: http://www.ec.gc.ca/lcpe-cepa/default.asp?lang=En&n=5F213FA8
-1

DuPont: Proposed Alternatives Assessment Framework [PDF]
Abstract: DuPont's approach to their chemical selection is based on pressure from society to make decisions based on more than just regulations.
Source: California Department of Toxic Substances Control
URL: http://www.dtsc.ca.gov/PollutionPrevention/GreenChemistryIni
tiative/upload/DuPontAlternativesAssessmentOverview.pdf

Environmental Profiles of Chemical Flame-Retardant Alternatives for Low-Density Polyurethane Foam
Abstract: Report from the U.S. EPA Dfe effort to evaluate and identify safer alternatives to brominated flame retardants in furniture foam.
Source: U.S. EPA Design for Environment
URL: http://www.epa.gov/dfe/pubs/flameret/ffr-alt.htm

Environmentally Benign Resins and Additives, for Use in the Wire and Cable Industry
Abstract: Results of a research project on the technical, economic and environmental feasibility of using alternative resins to polyvinyl chloride (PVC) in the wire and cable industry
Source: Toxics Use Reduction Institute
URL: http://www.turi.org/content/view/full/6313

Evaluating Flame Retardants for TV Enclosures [PDF]
Abstract: As a test case for the GreenScreenTM tool, four flame retardants were evaluated using the four GreenScreenTM criteria. One flame retardant was identified as the safer alternative of the four.
Source: Clean Production Action
URL: http://www.cleanproduction.org/library/Green_Screen_Report.p
df

Five Chemicals Study (Executive Summary)
Abstract: Report of research on 5 hazardous chemicals, prioritization of their use, prioritization of alternatives, how they assessed alternatives, and an economic analysis.
Source: Toxic Use Reduction Institute
URL: http://www.turi.org/About/Library/TURI_Publications/2006_Fiv
e_Chemicals_Alternatives_Assessment_Study/Final-Report/E
xecutive-Summary-of-Five-Chemicals-Study

Five Chemicals Study (Executive Summary)
Abstract: Report of research on 5 hazardous chemicals, prioritization of their use, prioritization of alternatives, how they assessed alternatives, and an economic analysis.
Source: Toxic Use Reduction Institute
URL: http://www.turi.org/About/Library/TURI_Publications/2006_Fiv
e_Chemicals_Alternatives_Assessment_Study/Final-Report/E
xecutive-Summary-of-Five-Chemicals-Study

Globally Harmonized System (GHS) of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals
Abstract: Worldwide initiative to promote standard criteria for classifying chemicals according to their health, physical and environmental hazards.
Source: Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://www.epa.gov/oppfead1/international/globalharmon.htm

Growing the Green Economy Through Green Chemistry and Design for the Environment
Abstract: This guide, developed by the Green Chemistry Commerce Council and the National Pollution Prevention Roundtable, will help state governments promote green practices, create green opportunities, and move national policy forward by providing options for promoting research, development, and use of GC and DfE to reduce hazardous chemicals in manufacturing.
Source: Washington Department of Ecology
URL: http://www.ecy.wa.gov/biblio/0904010.html

How to Design a Safer Chemical
Abstract: Discussion of how synthetic chemists and toxicologists need to work together in designing new chemicals and molecules.
Source: Nature.com
URL: http://blogs.rsc.org/gc/2011/08/04/how-to-design-a-safer-che
mical/

ICCA Chemical Risk Assessment Guide [PDF]
Abstract: This article provides a step-by-step approach to Chemical Risk Assessment. The article begins with showing the reader how to gather the information needed in order to conduct the risk assessment. The article further demonstrates how to perform the risk assessment and communicate the outcome.
Source: International Council of Chemical Associations
URL: http://www.icca-chem.org/ICCADocs/ICCA_GPS%20July2011_LowRes
WEB.pdf

Modification of the Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) to conform with the United Nations' Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals
Abstract: Questions and answers from OSHA on the modification of OSHA requirements for transition to GHS.
Source: ss
URL: https://www.osha.gov/dsg/hazcom/hazcom-faq.html

National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Chemical Hazard Ratings
Abstract: A searchable database of both flammable substances and hazardous chemicals and their National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) ratings as designated in NFPA Standard 704.
Source: National Fire Protection Association
URL: http://www.safetyfile.com/articles/NFPA-Chemical-Hazard-Labe
ls.html

OSHA Regulations and Official Inspection Guidelines
Abstract: Provides information on how OSHA laws regulate communication of hazard communication and MSDS information for materials found in the workplace. Primary topics include Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS's), Labeling/Signage, and Training.
Source: Interactive Learning Paradigms Incorporated
URL: http://www.ilpi.com/msds/osha/index.html

OSHA Regulations and Official Inspection Guidelines
Abstract: Provides information on how OSHA laws regulate communication of hazard communication and MSDS information for materials found in the workplace. Primary topics include Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS's), Labeling/Signage, and Training.
Source: Interactive Learning Paradigms Incorporated
URL: http://www.ilpi.com/msds/osha/index.html

Partnership to Evaluate Flame Retardants in Printed Circuit Boards [PDF]
Abstract: The EPA DfE program conducted a collaborative and detailed alternatives assessment to help identify safer substitutes for chemical flame retardants used in printed circuit boards (PCBs). The reports 14 formulations of flame-retardant products that would be safer alternatives to commercially available pentabromodiphenyl ether (pentaBDE).
Source: U.S. EPA Design for Environment
URL: http://www.epa.gov/dfe/pubs/projects/pcb/full_report_pcb_fla
me_retardants_report_draft_11_10_08_to_e.pdf

Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products as Pollutants (PCPP)
Abstract: Information on PPCPs, their environmental impacts, ongoing research, and environmental stewardship opportunities.
Source: Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://www.epa.gov/ppcp/

Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products as Pollutants (PCPP)
Abstract: Information on PPCPs, their environmental impacts, ongoing research, and environmental stewardship opportunities.
Source: Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://www.epa.gov/ppcp/

REACH Restricted Substances List (RSL)
Abstract: REACH Annex XVII places restrictions on certain hazardous substances on use in a specific product are not allowed to be used, to avoid any unnecessary testing. Typical hazardous substances that are restricted in products include lead, AZO dyes, DMF, PAHs, Phthalates, and PFOS.
Source: REACH
URL: http://www.cirs-reach.com/Testing/REACH_Restricted_Substance
s_List.html

San Francisco Bans Phthalates and Bisphenol-A [PDF]
Abstract: In 2006, San Francisco passed a city resolution to ban the distribution of toys and childcare products that contain bisphenol-A or phthalates.
Source: Intertek
URL: http://www.intertek.com/uploadedFiles/Intertek/Divisions/Con
sumer_Goods/Media/PDFs/Sparkles/2006/sparkle246.pdf

SIN List Database
Abstract: The SIN (Substitute It Now!) List is a list of 378 chemicals that are identified as Substances of Very High Concern based on the criteria established by chemical regulation under REACH.
Source: International Chemical Secretariat
URL: http://www.chemsec.org/what-we-do/sin-list

Sustainable and Safe Products at P&G - Experience with DfE [PDF]
Abstract: Presentation on Proctor & Gamble's efforts to reformulate and improve safety of their products.
Source: Proctor & Gamble
URL: http://www.dtsc.ca.gov/PollutionPrevention/GreenChemistryIni
tiative/upload/PandG_DFE_Webinar_Presentation.pdf

The Retailer Portal: Tools to Evaluate Chemical Ingredients in Products [PDF]
Abstract: A pending database and summary document designed to help retailers become educated about the tools and systems available to evaluate and manage chemical ingredients in products.
Source: Green Chemistry and Commerce Council
URL: http://chemicalspolicy.org/downloads/LCSP-ProductChemicalsMa
nagementWebResourceforRetailers.pdf

Tools to Evaluate Chemical Ingredients in Products
Abstract: Matrix of tools to help choose safer ingredients in different product categories (automotive, apparel, toys, building materials, and more).
Source: Green Chemistry & Commerce Council
URL: http://www.greenchemistryandcommerce.org/retailer.portal.php

Toxicity Endpoints & Tests
Abstract: Describes the major types of toxicity tests conducted as part of a hazard assessment that may be required by regulatory agencies/authorities for chemicals, drugs, pesticides, household products, and/or other substances.
Source: AltTox.org
URL: http://www.alttox.org/ttrc/toxicity-tests/

Toxics Use Reduction Institute: Journal of Cleaner Production Articles, March 2011
Abstract: Annotated bibliography of articles in the March 2011 special issue of the Journal of Cleaner Production, which includes several articles discussing safer alternatives selection and implementation.
Source: Toxics Use Reduction Institute
URL: http://www.turi.org/About/Library/TURI_Publications/Journal_
of_Cleaner_Production_--_Special_Issue/JCLP_Articles

Twelve Principals of Green Chemistry
Abstract: The 12 Principals of Green Chemistry, publised by EPA Assistant Administrator Paul Anastas, Ph.D. and John Warner, Ph.D., provides a roadmap for chemists to implement green chemistry.
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://www.epa.gov/sciencematters/june2011/principles.htm


- Case study/success story -    Top of Page

Alpha Gary Reduces Use of Lead
Abstract: The Lead Reduction Pilot Program evaluated the use of alternatives to lead compounds in their products. They successfully incorporate alternatives into their design process and reduced lead time.
Source: Toxics Reduction Institute
URL: http://www.turi.org/content/view/full/6323

Alternative Degreaser
Abstract: A refrigerator company replaced trichloroethylene with an aqueous solution and new parts washer, saving $36,000/year.
Source: Zero Waste Network
URL: http://www.zerowastenetwork.org/success/story.cfm?StoryID=11
55&RegionalCenter=

Developing and Analyzing Lead-Free Soldering Processes for Printed Wiring Boards
Abstract: A research project analyzing alternatives to lead in soldering, and their affect on end product quality.
Source: Toxics Use Reduction Institute
URL: http://www.turi.org/content/view/full/6333

Elimination of Trichlorethylene and Reduction of VOC Emissions
Abstract: Lightolier worked to increase efficiency of use of TCE (with new efficient rinsing systems, and increased drip time), reducing over 1 million pounds in TCE use, and VOC emissions by 113,000 pounds per year.
Source: Massachusetts Office of Technical Assistance
URL: http://www.lightolier.com/prospots/all-ints/energy-studies.s
wf

Environmental Accounting: Environmental Protection Agency
Abstract: Case studies show how environmental accounting can help companies identify areas of efficiency-enhancing opportunity, as well as justify the need to switch to environmentally friendly materials.
Source: Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://www.epa.gov/region7/p2/volprog/account.htm

Lean and Environment Case Study: Canyon Creek Cabinet Company (Monroe, Washington) [PDF]
Abstract: Pilot project to integrate lean and environment in two processing areas at Canyon Creek Cabinet Co. Saved over $1.2M per year due to environmental and efficiency improvements.
Source: Washington Department of Ecology
URL: http://www.ecy.wa.gov/pubs/0604024.pdf

VOC Reduction at ESP Lock Products, Inc. [PDF]
Abstract: ESP Lock products replaced highly volatile lubricating oils use in making key blanks, with a non-VOC lubricant and began using ultra-low volume misting units. They saved on materials, and eliminated air quality and flammable compliance requirements.
Source: Toxics Use Reduction Institute
URL: http://www.turi.org/content/download/5288/57621/file/esp_loc
k.pdf

Wire and Cable Applications: Alternatives
Abstract: TURI and GC3 are working to evaluate safe alternatives to phthalates in wire and cable applications. Based on the results of QCAT, three plasticizers have been selected for full assessment using GreenSreen: DOZ, TEHTM, and DINCH.
Source: Toxics Use Reduction Institute
URL: http://archive.constantcontact.com/fs026/1102108714611/archi
ve/1105311815173.html

Wire and Cable Applications: Alternatives
Abstract: TURI and GC3 are working to evaluate safe alternatives to phthalates in wire and cable applications. Based on the results of QCAT, three plasticizers have been selected for full assessment using GreenSreen: DOZ, TEHTM, and DINCH.
Source: Toxics Use Reduction Institute
URL: http://archive.constantcontact.com/fs026/1102108714611/archi
ve/1105311815173.html


- Fact sheet/checklist -    Top of Page

U.S. EPA DfE Safer Product Labeling Program and Standard for Safer Products
Abstract: The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has more than 2,500 products authorized by the agency under its Design for the Environment (DfE) Safer Product Labeling Program to carry the DfE label.
Source: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
URL: http://www.epa.gov/dfe/pubs/projects/formulat/saferproductla
beling.htm


- List -    Top of Page

2012 Levi Strauss & Co. Restricted Substance List [PDF]
Abstract: Levi Strauss & Co.'s restricted list of substances for suppliers.
Source: Levi Strauss & Co.
URL: http://m.dev.levistrauss.com/sites/levistrauss.com/files/lib
rarydocument/2012/7/rsl-2012.pdf

CleanGredients
Abstract: An online database of institutional and industrial (I&I) cleaning product ingredient chemicals, providing verified information about the environmental and human health attributes of listed ingredients
Source: GreenBlue
URL: http://www.cleangredients.org/home

Data Sources for Chemical Uses in Products and Processes
Abstract: An annotated bibliography (with links) of toxicity and hazard data sources for specific chemicals of concern and chemicals contained in products or used in a manufacturing process.
Source: Interstate Chemicals Clearinghouse
URL: http://www.ic2saferalternatives.org/page/Data+Sources+for+Ch
emical+Uses+in+Products+and+Processes#fbid=GpbNoHpMhIu

Data Sources for Chemical Uses in Products and Processes
Abstract: An annotated bibliography (with links) of toxicity and hazard data sources for specific chemicals of concern and chemicals contained in products or used in a manufacturing process.
Source: Interstate Chemicals Clearinghouse
URL: http://www.ic2saferalternatives.org/page/Data+Sources+for+Ch
emical+Uses+in+Products+and+Processes#fbid=GpbNoHpMhIu

Data Sources for Chemicals of Concern
Abstract: An annotated bibliography (with links) of toxicity and hazarad data sources for specific chemicals of concern.
Source: Interstate Chemicals Clearinghouse
URL: http://www.ic2saferalternatives.org/page/Data+Sources+for+Ch
emicals+of+Concern#fbid=uUE4omYQpdD

National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Frequently Asked Questions
Abstract: Answers to common questions about the NFPA 704 chemical safety rating system.
Source: National Fire Protection Association
URL: http://www.nfpa.org/faq.asp?categoryID=928


- Manual/handbook/curriculum -    Top of Page

2025 Safer Chemistry Challenge Program [PDF]
Abstract: Designed to motivate, challenge, and reward U.S. facilities to reduce use of chemicals through sources reduction.
Source: National Pollution Prevention Roundtable
URL: http://www.p2.org/wp-content/uploads/nppr2025-webinar.pdf

Alternatives Assessment Framework of the Lowell Center for Sustainable Production [PDF]
Abstract: Framework designed to evaluate and identify environmentally and sociall preferable alternatives in production, chemicals, materials, products, and economic systems. Core elements include a foundation, assessment process, and evaluation.
Source: Lowell Center for Sustainable Production
URL: http://www.istas.ccoo.es/descargas/Alternative%20Assessment%
20J%20Tickner%20K%20Geiser.pdf

American Apparel & Footwear Association Restricted Substance List (RSL)
Abstract: This RSL provides apparel and footwear companies with information related to regulations and laws that restrict or ban certain chemicals/substances in finished home textile, apparel, and footwear around the world.
Source: American Apparel & Footwear Association
URL: https://www.wewear.org/industry-resources/restricted-substan
ces-list/

Assessing the Safety of Chemical Alternatives
Abstract: Washington State Department of Ecology is working with 7 other member states of the Interstate Chemicals Clearinghouse (IC2) to create alternatives assessment guidance. Drafts and related documents can be found at this link.
Source: WA State Dept of Ecology (and Others)
URL: http://www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/hwtr/ChemAlternatives/index.h
tml

Column Model for Chemical Substitutes Assessment [PDF]
Abstract: A model to use risk and safety data of a chemical to assess potential toxicity or hazard to humans and the evironment.
Source: BGIA
URL: http://www.subsport.eu/images/stories/pdf_archive/substituti
on_tools/1_columnmod_en.pdf

Design for the Environment (DfE) Program Alternatives Assessment Criteria for Hazard Evaluation [PDF]
Abstract: The EPA's DfE Program developed this criteria as a transparent tool for evaluating and differentiating among chemicals based on their human health and environmental hazards.
Source: U.S. EPA
URL: http://www.epa.gov/oppt/dfe/alternatives_assessment_criteria
_for_hazard_eval.pdf

GreenScreen(TM) (Version 1.2)
Abstract: A systematic chemical screening tool to identify substances that are inherently less hazardous. The tool uses many green chemistry principles, compiling toxicity endpoint data, and defines four benchmarks with a progressively safer chemical.
Source: Clean Production Action
URL: http://www.cleanproduction.org/Greenscreen.v1-2.php

HMIS Labeling System Guidebooks and Implementation Manuals
Abstract: Free downloads of the Hazardous Materials Identification System (HMIS) guidance for use and implementation.
Source: J. J. Keller & Associates, Inc.
URL: http://www.jjkeller.com/webapp/wcs/stores/servlet/content___
_hmis-downloads_10151_-1_10551

HMIS Labeling System Guidebooks and Implementation Manuals
Abstract: Free downloads of the Hazardous Materials Identification System (HMIS) guidance for use and implementation.
Source: J. J. Keller & Associates, Inc.
URL: http://www.jjkeller.com/webapp/wcs/stores/servlet/content___
_hmis-downloads_10151_-1_10551

Lean and Chemicals Toolkit
Abstract: This is the fifth of five Lean and Environment Toolkits, published by EPA, covering addressing and reducing chemicals at manufacturing facilities using lean manufacturing strategies.
Source: U.S. EPA Lean and Environment
URL: http://www.epa.gov/lean/environment/toolkits/chemicals/index
.htm

National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 704 Standard
Abstract: Link to the NFPA catalog where the 704 Standard can be purchased.
Source: National Fire Protection Association
URL: http://www.nfpa.org/catalog/product.asp?category_name=&pid=7
0407

Nike Restricted Substances List and Sustainable Chemistry Guidance
Abstract: Corporate restricted substance list for every material used in Nike products, and implementation guide.
Source: Nike, Inc.
URL: http://nikeinc.com/pages/responsibility

OSHA Brief: Hazard Communication Standard: Labels and Pictograms [PDF]
Abstract: Brief factsheet on how OSHA has adopted GHS labels and pictograms as part of the revision of the Hazard Communication Standard, 29 CFR 1910.1200 (HCS), bringing it into alignment with the United Nations' system.
Source: OSHA
URL: https://www.osha.gov/Publications/OSHA3636.pdf

OSHA Small Business Handbook [PDF]
Abstract: This handbook helps small business employers meet the legal requirements of OSHA regulations and passing inspections, including understanding and using chemical labeling.
Source: OSHA
URL: http://www.osha.gov/Publications/smallbusiness/small-busines
s.pdf

Pesticides: International Activities Regarding the Globally Harmonized System (GHS)
Abstract: GHS specifies certain elements such as hazard statements, pictograms, and signal words to be required on pesticide labels. Precautionary statements are required on all labels. GHS implementation will require extensive outreach, education, and training.
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://www.epa.gov/oppfead1/international/ghs/elements.htm

Prevention through Design
Abstract: A protocol on preventing workplace exposures and accidents through the design of better products and processes at the earliest possible point in the life cycle.
Source: National Institute for Occupational Safety & Health
URL: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/ptd/

REACH (Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemical Substances)
Abstract: Manufacturers and importers are required to gather information on the properties of their chemical substances, which will allow their safe handling, and to register the information in a central database run by the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA).
Source: European Union
URL: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/chemicals/reach/reach_intro.
htm

Section 4.3 of OSHA's Guide to The Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
Abstract: OSHA section of guidance on the GHS labeling system.
Source: OSHA
URL: https://www.osha.gov/dsg/hazcom/ghs.html#4.3

U.S. EPA Design For Environment - Alternative Assessments
Abstract: This collaborative program helps industries choose safer chemicals for applications such as fire safety in circuit boards and furniture. Alternatives assessments provide a basis for informed decision making by developing an in-depth comparison of potential human health and environmental impacts.
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://www.epa.gov/dfe/alternative_assessments.html

US Environmental Protection Agency's Lean and Chemicals Toolkit
Abstract: Offers Lean implementers practical strategies and techniques for improving common Lean results related to time, cost, and quality while also reducing risk and enhancing environmental performance related to all aspects of chemical manufacturing, management and use.
Source: US Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://www.epa.gov/lean/environment/toolkits/chemicals/index
.htm


- Other resources -    Top of Page

Clean Production Action - Green Chemicals
Abstract: Tools, strategies and policy recommendations for industry to reduce toxic chemicals in manufacturing and products.
Source: Clean Production Action
URL: http://www.cleanproduction.org/Home.php

Clean Production Action - Green Chemicals
Abstract: Tools, strategies and policy recommendations for industry to reduce toxic chemicals in manufacturing and products.
Source: Clean Production Action
URL: http://www.cleanproduction.org/Home.php


- Proceedings -    Top of Page

Use of DecaBDE Flame Retardants in Plastic Shipping Pallets: Assessing Safer Alternatives [PDF]
Abstract: Maine DEP sponsored a study assessing the availability of safer alternatives to the use of decaBDE in plastic shipping pallets. Pure Strategies (consultant) and pallet manufacturers, along with the state, conducted the study, which included functionality and physical property & fire testing as well as reduced environmental impact of any alternative flame retardants.
Source: Northeast Waste Management Official's Association
URL: http://www.newmoa.org/prevention/webconferences/techfeas/Pur
eStrategies_Safer_AA_for_Deca.pdf

Use of DecaBDE Flame Retardants in Plastic Shipping Pallets: Assessing Safer Alternatives [PDF]
Abstract: Maine DEP sponsored a study assessing the availability of safer alternatives to the use of decaBDE in plastic shipping pallets. Pure Strategies (consultant) and pallet manufacturers, along with the state, conducted the study, which included functionality and physical property & fire testing as well as reduced environmental impact of any alternative flame retardants.
Source: Northeast Waste Management Official's Association
URL: http://www.newmoa.org/prevention/webconferences/techfeas/Pur
eStrategies_Safer_AA_for_Deca.pdf


- Software/electronic tool -    Top of Page

Chemical Assessment and Ranking System (CARS)
Abstract: A decision support tool that uses a credible database of chemical hazard related information, in conjunction with chemical use, to assess and rank chemicals and set goals for substituting or eliminating.
Source: Zero Waste Alliance
URL: http://www.zerowaste.org/cars/about.html#whatis

Cleaner Solutions Database
Abstract: Database with solutions for surface cleaning, allowing users to find a cleaner, replace a solvent, and conduct safety screening.
Source: Toxics Use Reduction Institute
URL: http://www.cleanerSolutions.org

Electronic Product Environmental Assessment Tool (EPEAT)
Abstract: An organization that developed green electronics standards and maintains a definitive global registry for greener electronics products that meet these EPEAT standards.
Source: Electronic Product Environmental Assessment Tool
URL: http://www.epeat.net/

Energy and Materials Flow and Cost Tracker (EMFACT)
Abstract: EMFACT is a software tool designed to track materials and energy use, releases, discharges, wastes, products, and associated costs. The program provides a template where the user can input measurement data and generate calculations and reports.
Source: Northeast Waste Management Officials' Association
URL: http://www.newmoa.org/prevention/emfact/elearning/03_trainin
g/emf/index.html

Environmental Accounting: Total Cost Accounting
Abstract: The Total Cost Accounting tool was designed for environmental professionals and other "non-accountant" industry personnel. It helps the user understand the impact of environmental costs to their business, provides instruction on comparing the cost of different processes, and provides a tool for communicating costs and benefits of pollution prevention to management.
Source: Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission and U.S. EPA
URL: http://teexcit.tamu.edu/tca/

Green Alternative Chemicals and Processes Wizard
Abstract: Database provides safety and functionality information on alternatives to hazardous chemicals or processes.
Source: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
URL: http://ehs.mit.edu/greenchem/

Pollution Prevention Options Assessment System (P2OASys)
Abstract: This systematic tool helps companies determine compare toxicity and hazard of replacement or substitution options they are considering.
Source: Toxics Use Reduction Institute (TURI)
URL: http://www.turi.org/Our_Work/Research/Alternatives_Assessmen
t/Chemical_Hazard_Comparison_Tools/P2OASys_Tool_to_Compa
re_Materials

Risk-Screening Environmental Indicators
Abstract: RSEI is a computer-based screening tool that analyzes risk factors to put TRI release data into a chronic health context.
Source: US Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://www.epa.gov/oppt/rsei/

Tool for the Reduction and Assessment of Chemical and Other Environmental Impacts (TRACI)
Abstract: TRACI allows for the examination of the potential for life cycle impacts (including toxicity) associated with raw material usage and chemical releases resulting from the processes involved in producing a product.
Source: US EPA, National Risk Management Research Laboratory
URL: http://www.epa.gov/nrmrl/std/traci/traci.html


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California's Green Chemistry Initiative
Abstract: Reducing impacts of toxic chemicals on public health and the environment by expanding P2, developing green chemistry workforce education and training, creating an online product ingredient network and toxics clearinghouse, requiring industry to find greener and safer alternatives through regulations, and moving toward a "cradle to cradle" economy.
Source: California Department of Toxic Substances Control
URL: http://www.dtsc.ca.gov/pollutionprevention/greenchemistryini
tiative/

Canada's Chemical Management Plan
Abstract: Describes Canada's plan, including a challenge to industry to get new toxicity and hazard information on 200 potentially harmful chemicals.
Source: Government of Canada
URL: http://www.chemicalsubstanceschimiques.gc.ca/plan/index-eng.
php

Chemical Strategies Partnership (CSP)
Abstract: CSP is a non-profit that works with manufacturing companies to redefine the way they purchase and manage chemicals. The model shifts away from a traditional supplier relationship to a strategic alliance with a chemical service provider.
Source: Chemical Strategies Partnership
URL: http://chemicalstrategies.org/

Current Alternatives Assessment and Related Legislation
Abstract: Continuously updated list of legislation relating to safer chemicals and alternatives assessments.
Source: Interstate Chemicals Clearinghouse (IC2)
URL: http://www.ic2saferalternatives.org/page/Current+Alternative
s+Assessment+and+Related+Legislation

Examples of Alternatives Assessments
Abstract: List of applied examples of research and/or adoption of safer chemical alternatives.
Source: Interstate Chemicals Clearinghouse (IC2)
URL: http://www.ic2saferalternatives.org/page/Examples+of+Alterna
tives+Assessments

GoodGuide
Abstract: Good Guide is a products database designed to provide authoritative, ranked information about health, environmental and societal performance of products and companies.
Source: GoodGuide
URL: http://www.goodguide.com/about

Green Chemistry and Commerce Council (GC3)
Abstract: GC3 provides a business-to-business forum to convene on the challenges and opportunities for a successful transition to safer alternatives. They facilitate workgroups, host webinars, and provide other information.
Source: Green Chemistry and Commerce Council
URL: http://www.greenchemistryandcommerce.org/home.php

Green Product Design Network (GPDN)
Abstract: GPDN is a network of partners in industry, government, and NGO's with an interest in inventing sustainable products that can be readily adopted into our larger society. GPDN has been selected as one of the key projects that the University of Oregon is supporting as a major strategic initiative.
Source: Green Product Design Network (GPDN)
URL: http://uo-gpdn.ning.com/

Healthystuff.org (Toys)
Abstract: HealthyStuff.org has tested thousands of toys since 2007. Test results provide customers with information they need to make better choices when purchasing toys and other children's products.
Source: HealthyStuff.org
URL: http://www.healthystuff.org/departments/toys/

HMIS - Hazardous Materials Identification System
Abstract: Description of the Hazardous Materials Identification System, HMIS® ( developed by the National Paint & Coatings Association) which helps employers comply with OSHA's Hazard Communication (HCS), 29 CFR 1910.1200.
Source: Safety Emporium
URL: http://www.ilpi.com/msds/ref/hmis.html

Household Products Database
Abstract: Searchable database listing thousands of consumer products, ingredients, and hazard ratings for ingredients.
Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services'
URL: http://hpd.nlm.nih.gov/

Interstate Chemicals Clearinghouse (IC2) Safer Alternatives Assessments
Abstract: A wiki designed to provide a dynamic tool for the developing field of alternatives assessment.
Source: Northeast Waste Management Officials Association
URL: http://www.ic2saferalternatives.org/

Labelling for Hazardous Communication
Abstract: An explanation, from Lab Safety Supply, on chemical hazard labelling, including ratings, exemptions, training, and which label is right for different situations and chemicals.
Source: Lab Safety Supply
URL: http://www.grainger.com/Grainger/static/hazard-communication
-labeling-200.html?r=l&cm_mmc=LabSafety-_-Integration-_-
AllPages-_-AllPages#

National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 704 Diamond
Abstract: Brief description and illustration of the NFPA diamond and how it identifies the hazards of a material and the degree of severity of the health, flammability, and instability hazards.
Source: National Fire Protection Association
URL: http://www.nfpa.org/aboutthecodes/aboutthecodes.asp?docnum=7
04

Presidential Green Chemistry Awards
Abstract: List of annual winners of the awards, from 1996 to present, in categories of synthesis, reaction, green design, small business, and academia.
Source: U.S. EPA
URL: http://www.epa.gov/greenchemistry/pubs/pgcc/past.html

Presidential Green Chemistry Challenge
Abstract: Program recognizes chemical technologies that incorporate the principles of source reduction and green chemistry into their design, manufacture and use.
Source: US EPA
URL: http://www.epa.gov/greenchemistry/pubs/pgcc/presgcc.html

Proposition 65: Chemicals Known to Cause Cancer or Reproductive Toxicity (California) [PDF]
Abstract: The Prop65 list of toxic chemicals that are known, in the state of California, to cause cancer or reproductive harm.
Source: California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment
URL: http://oehha.ca.gov/prop65/prop65_list/files/P65single052011
.pdf

Skin Deep Cosmetics Database
Abstract: EWG's Skin Deep database provides online safety profiles for consumer cosmetics and personal care products.
Source: Environmental Working Group
URL: http://www.ewg.org/skindeep/

Textile Industry: New Standards Based on Environment, Health, and Safety
Abstract: Bluesign's textile process involves identifying and excluding hazardous materials from the beginning of its process, ensuring economic success and maximum consumer and environmental protection.
Source: Bluesign
URL: http://www.bluesign.com/index.php?id=57

Toxipedia.Org
Abstract: A wiki covering many toxic chemicals, their impacts, and current trends in toxics reduction.
Source: Toxipedia.org
URL: http://toxipedia.org/display/toxipedia/Welcome+to+Toxipedia

U.S. EPA Design for the Environment (DfE) Assessment of Bisphenol A (BPA)
Abstract: Synopsis of the processes, results of an in-depth, multi-stakeholder alternatives assessment to help identify safer substitutes for bisphenol A (BPA) in the manufacture of thermal paper (e.g., cash-register receipts).
Source: U.S. EPA
URL: http://www.epa.gov/dfe/pubs/projects/bpa/about.htm

U.S. EPA Design for the Environment (DfE) Assessment of Bisphenol A (BPA)
Abstract: Synopsis of the processes, results of an in-depth, multi-stakeholder alternatives assessment to help identify safer substitutes for bisphenol A (BPA) in the manufacture of thermal paper (e.g., cash-register receipts).
Source: U.S. EPA
URL: http://www.epa.gov/dfe/pubs/projects/bpa/about.htm

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The Topic Hub™ is a product of the Pollution Prevention Resource Exchange (P2Rx)

The Safer Chemical Alternatives Topic Hub™ was developed by:

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Hub Last Updated: 12/29/2013