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10
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Green Business Engagement National Network (GBENN) Webinar Series Green Business Programs are being started all across the nation. Where does one start? What are the benefits and how much does it cost? They’re many different[...]
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18
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Successful Grant Writing & Repor...
Sep 18 @ 3:00 pm EDT – 4:00 pm EDT
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P2Rx™ Topic Hubs

Archived: P2Rx no longer updates this information, but it may be useful as a reference or resource.

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P2 and Environmental Security: Browse by Keyword
Table of Contents
Background and Overview
Reasons for Change
Integrating P2 and Security
P2 Opportunities
Key Contacts
Acknowledgements
Complete List of Links

Keywords:
Accidents - Prevention / Agricultural chemicals / Air pollution / Air quality management / Airplanes / Alternative fuels / Analytical methods / Assessment / Best management practices / Bioaccumulation / Bioavailability / Biological assay / Biology / Biomass / Building maintenance / Cancer / Carcinogens / Chemical engineering / Chemical industry / Chemical laboratories / Chemical plants / Chemical processes / Chemical reactions / Chemical spills / Chemical storage / Chemical tracking / Chemicals / Chemistry / Chlorinated solvents / Chlorine compounds / Cities and towns / Clean Air Act / Cleaner production / Cleaning compounds / Commerce / Compliance / Depositions / Disaster relief / Disinfection and disinfectants / Dose-response relationship (Biochemistry) / Electric power / Electric power plants / Emergency management / Employee safety / Energy industries / Energy policy / Environment / Environmental aspects / Environmental auditing / Environmental chemistry / Environmental exposure / Environmental health / Environmental impact analysis / Environmental modeling / Environmental policy / Environmental protection / Environmentally safe products / Epidemiology / Facility management / Federal government / Fertilizers / Flammability / Food / Food contamination / Fossil fuel power plants / Fossil fuels / Fuel / Gas power plants / Geothermal resources / Government agencies / Government information / Hazardous substances / Hazardous waste / Hazardous waste generators / Hazardous waste management / Health / Health effects / Herbicides / Hospitals / Hydroelectric power plants / Indoor air pollution / Indoor air quality / Industrial buildings / Industrial design / Industrial policy / Infectious agents / Inflammable materials / Laboratories / Laboratory wastes / Laws and legislation / Legislators / Life cycle assessment / Local government / Maintenance / Management / Manufacturers / Material safety data sheets / Medical instruments and apparatus / Medical laboratories / Medical technology / Mercury / Methodology / Military bases / Military weapons / Municipal government / Municipal services / Municipal waste / Municipal water supply / Natural gas / Navy-yards and naval stations / Needs assessment / Neurotoxic agents / Nuclear energy / Nuclear power plants / Nuclear weapons industry / Occupational safety and health / Oil industry / Oil pollution / Oil storage tanks / Organic chemicals / Organic solvents / Organic wastes / Pest control / Pesticide residues / Pesticides / Pesticides industry and trade / Petroleum / Petroleum industry and trade / Petroleum refineries / Petroleum waste / Pipelines / Poisoning / Poisons / Pollutants / Pollution / Pollution prevention / POTW / Power / Power plants / Premature infants / Process modification / Product safety / Public buildings / Public utilities / Public works / Publicly owned treatment works / Radioactive substances / Radioactive wastes / Radioisotopes / Railroads / Research / Resource Conservation and Recovery Act / Retail trade / Right-to-know / Risk assessment / Risk communication / Risk factors / Risk management / Safe Drinking Water Act / Safety equipment / Safety measures / Science / Sewage treatment / Site assessment / Solar energy / Solvents / Source reduction (Waste management) / Spills and accidents / State governments / States / Statistics / Storage / Storage tanks / Substitute materials / Surveying / Technical assistance / Technical reports / Technology / Technology assessment / Testing / Testing laboratories / Testing methods / Toxic chemicals / Toxic release inventory / Toxicity / Toxicity testing / Toxicology / Trace analysis / Transportation / Trucking / Underground storage / United States / United States. Department of Agriculture / United States. Department of Defense / United States. Department of Energy / United States. Department of Transportation / United States. Environmental Protection Agency / United States. Food and Drug Administration / United States. Occupational Safety and Health Administration / Urban transportation / Utilities / Violence / Washington, D.C. / Waste / Waste disposal / Waste management / Waste products / Waste reduction / Waste storage / Waste treatment / Water / Water pollution / Water purification / Water quality / Water supply / Water treatment / Weapons industry / Wind power


Alphabetical Listing of Reference Documents by Title
NOTE: [PDF] links require Acrobat Reader from Adobe.

A Method to Assess the Vulnerability of U.S. Chemical Facilities [PDF]
Abstract: This special report presents an overview of a prototype methodology to assess the security of chemical facilities within the United States. This vulnerability assessment methodology identifies and assesses potential security threats, risks and vulnerabilities and guides the chemical facility industry in making security improvements. (PDF format; Length: 33 pages)
Source: National Institute of Justice & Sandia National Laboratories
URL: http://www.ncjrs.org/pdffiles1/nij/195171.pdf

Advice for Safeguarding Buildings Against Chemical or Biological Attack
Abstract: This site is intended for emergency personnel and for building operators. The advice on this site is appropriate for small and medium-sized releases such as those that would be expected from a terrorist attack, not for industrial-scale releases such as those at Bhopal, India or Chernobyl, Ukraine. Includes pre-event advice, during release advice, and training aids.
Source: Lawrence Berkley National Laboratory (LBNL)
URL: http://securebuildings.lbl.gov/secure.html

American Chemistry Council: Chemical Industry Security
Abstract: This portion of the ACC web site includes a compilation of documents, guidelines and news releases related to security for the chemical industry and ACC?s security efforts.
Source: American Chemistry Council (ACC)
URL: http://www.americanchemistry.com/s_acc/sec_topic.asp?CID=48&
DID=67

American Chemistry Council: Responsible Care
Abstract: An initiative of the ACC and its partners, Responsible Care is a voluntary program for improvement in environmental, health and safety performance beyond levels required by the U.S. government.
Source: American Chemistry Council (ACC)
URL: http://www.americanchemistry.com/s_acc/sec_statistics.asp?CI
D=176&DID=304

Be Vigilant, Be Safe: Preventing and Responding to Environmental Emergencies
Abstract: This Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) web site outlines the agency?s emergency response programs, outlines the DEP?s role in domestic preparedness, and provides 24-hr. emergency response numbers, listed by county. Information for water supplies, dams, other facilities with environmental permits, and laboratories certified to do water testing is included.
Source: PA Department of Environmental Protection (DEP)
URL: http://www.dep.state.pa.us/dep/emergency/response/

Biological and Chemical Terrorism: Strategic Plan for Preparedness and Response
Abstract: This plan, prepared by Ali S. Khan and Michael J. Sage in collaboration with the CDC Strategic Planning Workgroup, contains recommendations to reduce U.S. vulnerability to biological and chemical terrorism. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, April 21, 2000/49(RR04); 1-14. (Length: 13 pages)
Source: CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
URL: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr4904a1.htm

Biosecurity and the Food Supply
Abstract: This fact sheet provides background information on biosecurity and the food supply, including an overview of U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) biosecurity activities.
Source: USDA Food Safety and Inspection Service
URL: http://www.fsis.usda.gov/oa/background/biosecurity.htm

Center for Chemical Process Safety (CCPS)
Abstract: CCPS and its sponsor companies are committed to protecting employees, communities, and the environment by developing engineering and management practices to prevent or mitigate catastrophic releases of chemicals, hydrocarbons, and other hazardous materials. The organization?s web site includes several tools, databases and over 80 books and other publications to help improve the safety of chemical processes.
Source: American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE)
URL: http://www.aiche.org/ccps/

Chemical Accident Prevention: Site Security [PDF]
Abstract: Because of today?s increased concerns about terrorism, companies are paying increased attention to the physical security of facility sites, chemical storage areas, and chemical processes. This Chemical Safety Alert highlights security areas that companies may want to review to ensure that appropriate measures are being implemented and provides resources for further information. (Length: 8 pages)
Source: US EPA Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response
URL: http://www.epa.gov/oem/docs/chem/secale.pdf

Chemical Accidents from Electric Power Outages [PDF]
Abstract: This safety alert describes how power outages and restarts can potentially trigger chemical accidents. Case studies and lessons learned are included, as well as guidelines for hazard identification, tips for risk reduction and resources for further information. (Length: 5 pages)
Source: US EPA Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response
URL: http://www.epa.gov/oem/docs/chem/power.pdf

Chemical Attack Prevention Act (H.R. 726) [PDF]
Abstract: Representative Engel (D-NY) proposed this bill to the 108th Congress. The bill requires a license from the Secretary of Commerce to purchase, sell, or distribute in interstate commerce any Schedule I or Schedule II chemical agent (as defined in the Chemical Weapons Convention Implementation Act of 1998). It defines such chemical agents as chemical weapons precursors, allows the Secretary to revoke licenses, and requires the licensee to make available to law enforcement authorities records of the purchase, sale, or distribution of chemical weapons precursors and to report any suspicious purchases of such items. (PDF Format; Length: 4 pages)
Source: Government Printing Office
URL: http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=10
8_cong_bills&docid=f:h726ih.txt.pdf

Chemical Facilities Security Act of 2003 (S.994)
Abstract: Senator Inhofe (R-OK) proposed this bill to the 108th Congress. The bill would require the chemical industry to conduct vulnerability assessments and security plans, and gives the Department of Homeland Security the authority to reject those plans if they are deemed inadequate to protect chemical plants against terrorism. (PDF Format; Length: 24 pages)
Source: Government Printing Office
URL: http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=10
8_cong_bills&docid=f:s994is.txt.pdf

Chemical Imbalance: The Gaping Hole in Our Nation?s Security
Abstract: Written by Leslie Valentine, this Environmental Defense article discusses the risks associated with industrial sites that store or process large amounts of hazardous chemicals.
Source: Environmental Defense
URL: http://www.edf.org/article.cfm?ContentID=2290

Chemical Plant Security [PDF]
Abstract: This Congressional report provides an overview of chemical plant security issues and discusses policy options for the improvement of plant security. Includes information on inherently safer processes as a way to decrease security risks. (PDF format; Length: 35 pages)
Source: Congressional Research Service/Library of Congress
URL: http://www.ncseonline.org/nle/crsreports/03Feb/RL31530.pdf

Chemical Safety Information, Site Security and Fuels
Abstract: This EPA web site provides information on the Chemical Safety Information, Site Security and Fuels Regulatory Relief Act, including a link to the actual statute.
Source: U.S. EPA
URL: http://www.epa.gov/emergencies/content/lawsregs/chemover.htm

Chemical Sector Information Sharing and Analysis Center (ISAC)
Abstract: Coordinated by the Chemical Transportation Emergency Center (CHEMTREC®), a service of the American Chemistry Council. A primary goal of the Chemical Sector ISAC is to enable the National Infrastructure Protection Center (NIPC), to disseminate timely and actionable assessment, advisories and alerts to appropriate government and private sector entities when such incidents are deemed to have possible serious national security, economic or social consequences. The Chemical Sector ISAC is intended for those companies or other organizations involved in the manufacture, storage, transportation, distribution or handling of chemical products.
Source: CHEMTREC
URL: http://chemicalisac.chemtrec.com/

Chemical Security Act of 2003 (S.157) [PDF]
Abstract: Senator John Corzine (D-NJ) proposed this bill to the 108th Congress. This bill proposes some measures to reduce potential impacts through prevention efforts. It directs the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency to promulgate regulations to: (1) designate certain combinations of chemical sources and substances of concern as high priority categories based on the severity of the threat posed by an unauthorized release from chemical sources; and (2) require each owner and operator of a high priority category chemical source to conduct an assessment of the vulnerability of the source to a terrorist attack or other unauthorized release, identify hazards that may result from such release, and prepare a prevention, preparedness, and response plan. (PDF Format; Length: 23 pages)
Source: Government Printing Office
URL: http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=10
8_cong_bills&docid=f:s157is.txt.pdf

Clean Air Act 112 (r)
Abstract: This US EPA website provides information on the section of the Clean Air Act related to hazards associated with accidental releases of chemicals, plans for facility safety and response plans. This website includes related fact sheets, links to the text of the statute and regulation, information on related policies and frequently asked questions and answers.
Source: US EPA
URL: http://www.epa.gov/oem/content/rmp/caa_faqs.htm

Countering Bioterrorism and Other Threats to the Food Supply
Abstract: This web site provides a collection of links to U.S. federal, state, local and international government food safety information.
Source: www.foodsafety.gov
URL: http://foodsafety.psu.edu/Bioterror.html

Design for the Environment (DfE) Adhesives Technology Partnership
Abstract: The DfE Adhesives Technologies Partnership works with industry members; federal, state and local governments; and public interest groups to develop alternative solvents and processes for adhesive technologies. Project partners are working to mitigate the health and environmental impacts posed by adhesives used in numerous manufacturing industries.
Source: U.S. EPA Design for the Environment Program
URL: http://www.epa.gov/opptintr/dfe/pubs/projects/adhesiv/index.
htm

Design for the Environment (DfE) Formulator Intiative
Abstract: By forming partnerships with the DfE Program, formulators can learn more about the effect that chemical ingredients and byproducts may have on the quality of aquatic life and the environment, the biodegradability of waste streams, and worker health and safety.
Source: U.S. EPA Design for the Environment Program
URL: http://www.epa.gov/opptintr/dfe/pubs/projects/formulat/index
.htm

Design for the Environment (DfE) Gravure Printing Partnership
Abstract: The DfE Gravure Printing Partnership was formed to identify common environmental issues for small- and medium-size printers in the packaging and product sectors and to encourage printers and product sectors to address these issues by reducing risk and preventing pollution.
Source: U.S. EPA Design for the Environment Program
URL: http://www.epa.gov/opptintr/dfe/pubs/projects/gravure/index.
htm

Design for the Environment (DfE) Industrial & Institutional Laundry Partnership
Abstract: The DfE Industrial and Institutional Laundry Partnership works with detergent and other laundry product formulators to design products with improved environmental and human health characteristics.
Source: U.S. EPA Design for the Environment Program
URL: http://www.epa.gov/opptintr/dfe/pubs/projects/iil/index.htm

Design for the Environment (DfE) Lithographic Printing Partnership
Abstract: The goals of the DfE Lithographic Printing Partnership are to help the nation's 54,000 lithographic printing shops: incorporate environmental consideration into business decisions; and switch to blanket washes that contain fewer volatile organic compounds (VOCs), lower vapor pressure, and fewer hazardous chemicals, where appropriate.
Source: U.S. EPA Design for the Environment Program
URL: http://www.epa.gov/opptintr/dfe/pubs/projects/litho/index.ht
m

Design for the Environment (DfE) Printed Wiring Board Partnership
Abstract: Traditional methods for manufacturing PWBs use toxic chemicals, such as formaldehyde, that pose potential health and environmental risks, use substantial amounts of water and energy, and generate large volumes of hazardous waste. The DfE Program partners, including the national PWB trade association, have examined alternative technologies that reduce or eliminate these impacts.
Source: U.S. EPA Design for the Environment Program
URL: http://www.epa.gov/opptintr/dfe/pubs/projects/pwb/index.htm

Design for the Environment: Flexographic Printing Partnership
Abstract: Provides technical information and pollution prevention tips for printers. Includes general project information, findings & accomplishments, links to project publications and a list of partners.
Source: U.S. EPA/Design for the Environment
URL: http://www.epa.gov/opptintr/dfe/pubs/projects/flexo/index.ht
m

Domestic Preparedness Checklist [PDF]
Abstract: A guide for Governors' staffs and other response authorities to evaluate and enhance state preparedness capabilities. Includes information on bioterrorism preparedness, agroterrorism and cyberterrorism. (PDF Format; Length: 3 pages)
Source: National Governors Association
URL: http://www.nga.org/cda/files/DomPrepChecklist.pdf

Environmental Management Guide for Small Laboratories [PDF]
Abstract: This guide provides a summary of lab activities and the federal regulations that typically affect these activities, a lab self-assessment tool and a directory of applicable resources. (PDF Format; Length: 146 pages)
Source: U.S. EPA
URL: http://www.uwm.edu/Dept/EHSRM/HAZEXCEPTIONS/EPA_BiologicalWa
ste.pdf

Environmental Security: A Homeland Issue, Part 1
Abstract: Written by Mike Flory, this article is the first part of a two-part article addressing critical environmental issues as they relate to homeland security. Specifically, this article deals with the U.S. EPA strategies pertaining to protection of critical infrastructure and communication of information. Check with your local library for availability of this publication and/or interlibrary loan options. Check the magazine?s web site, http://www.eponline.com/, for subscription information and online availability of articles.
Source: Environmental Protection, Vol. 14, No. 3; Pages 34-36, 60
URL:

Environmental Security: A Homeland Issue, Part 2
Abstract: Written by Mike Flory, this article is the second part of a two-part article addressing critical environmental issues as they relate to homeland security. Specifically, this article deals with the U.S. EPA strategies pertaining to preparedness, response and recovery and protection of EPA personnel and infrastructure. Check with your local library for availability of this publication and/or interlibrary loan options. Check the magazine?s web site, http://www.eponline.com/, for subscription information and online availability of articles.
Source: Environmental Protection, Vol. 14, No. 4, pages 40-42
URL:

Environmental Self-Assessment for Health Care Facilities: A Quick and Easy Checklist of Pollution Prevention Measures for Healthcare Facilities
Abstract: This checklist is a guide primarily intended for use by laboratory managers, administrators, environmental compliance personnel, purchasing officers, safety professionals, housekeeping managers, waste management supervisors, and industrial hygienists involved with the day-to-day activities in a health care facility. Includes checklists on procurement, medical waste incinerators, hazardous & solid waste, ethylene oxide (EtO), PVC plastics, solvents, mercury, chemotherapy & antineoplastic chemicals, batteries, lamps, photographic chemicals, formaldehyde/formalin, radioactive waste, medical waste stream, recycling & reuse, housekeeping and facility maintenance. Also includes a resource guide and contact information for further assistance. (PDF format; Length: 51 pages).
Source: New York State Dept. of Environmental Conservation
URL: http://www.dec.state.ny.us/website/ppu/esahcf.pdf

Enviroterrorism: A Long-range View
Abstract: Written by Joseph F. Guida, JD, this article provides an overview of issues confronting the U.S. in the areas of environmental protection and environmental regulation in the effort to prevent or mitigate future terrorist events. Check with your local library for availability of this publication and/or interlibrary loan options. Check the magazine?s web site, http://www.eponline.com/, for subscription information and online availability of articles.
Source: Environmental Protection, Vol. 14, No. 8
URL:

EPRCA Information
Abstract: This EPA website provides an overview of the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA), information on compliance and reporting, chemical information, guidance documents and resources for further information. The EPCRA establishes requirements for governments, tribes, and industry that deal with hazardous and toxic chemicals for emergency planning, release potential assessment, and communication and reporting.
Source: US EPA
URL: http://www.epa.gov/oem/content/lawsregs/epcraover.htm

Evacuation Planning Matrix
Abstract: This online tool provides ideas and online resources to help employers reduce their vulnerability to terrorist attacks. To use the evacuation guidance, an employer must first assess the vulnerability of the workplace to a terrorist release of chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear or other hazardous material. The matrix is not intended for use in a comprehensive compliance evaluation of an emergency plan. Rather, the document covers general aspects of emergency planning and includes broad questions to help review plans in light of an indoor or outdoor terrorist release. Planning for workplaces in each of three risk zones are discussed.
Source: Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA)
URL: http://www.osha.gov/dep/evacmatrix/index.html

Explosion Hazard from Ammonium Nitrate [PDF]
Abstract: This safety alert describes accidents involving the explosion of ammonium nitrate, a chemical commonly used as a fertilizer and a component in blasting agents. Includes information on hazard identification, process safety areas for hazard reduction and resources for further information. (Length: 5 pages)
Source: US EPA Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response
URL: http://www.epa.gov/emergencies/docs/chem/ammonitr.pdf

Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA): Hazardous Materials Safety
Abstract: Part of the mission of FMCSA is to reduce the security risks of hazardous materials that could potentially be used to harm the public and environment. Developing programs to accomplish this secondary goal is the responsibility of the FMCSA Hazardous Materials (HM) Program. The program?s web site provides information on hazardous materials security, cargo tank motor vehicle safety, spill reporting and prevention, permits and shipping, risk assessment and analyses, training and education, and resources for further information.
Source: U.S. Department of Transportation FMCSA
URL: http://www.fmcsa.dot.gov/safetyprogs/hm.htm

Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA): Security Talking Points
Abstract: Security recommendations for hazardous materials carriers intended to help carriers guard against terrorist threats.
Source: U.S. Department of Transportation FMCSA
URL: http://www.fmcsa.dot.gov/hazmatsecure.htm

Food Security and Emergency Preparedness
Abstract: This FSIS web site provides information on food safety for consumers, industry and employees. Also provides information on what USDA/FSIS is doing to ensure food safety, as well as information on specific biosecurity concerns.
Source: USDA Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS)
URL: http://www.fsis.usda.gov/Food_Defense_&_Emergency_Response/i
ndex.asp

FSIS Security Guidelines for Food Processors [PDF]
Abstract: The guidelines were developed to assist Federal and State inspected plants that produce meat, poultry and egg products in identifying ways to strengthen their biosecurity protection. Includes sections on food security plan management, outside security, inside security, shipping and receiving security, water and ice supply security, mail handling security, and personnel security. (PDF Format; Length: 8 pages)
Source: USDA Food Safety and Inspection Service
URL: http://www.fsis.usda.gov/oa/topics/SecurityGuide.pdf

GLRPPR Environmental Security Sector Resource
Abstract: This Great Lakes Regional Pollution Prevention Roundtable (GLRPPR) Sector Resource provides a compilation of annotated regional and national resources focused on pollution prevention as it relates to environmental security. Also provides a list of regional contacts for further information.
Source: GLRPPR
URL: http://www.glrppr.org/contacts/gltopichub.cfm?sectorid=130

GLRPPR Green Chemistry Sector Resource
Abstract: This Great Lakes Regional Pollution Prevention Roundtable (GLRPPR) Sector Resource provides a compilation of annotated regional and national resources related to green chemistry. Also provides a list of regional contacts for further information.
Source: Great Lakes Regional Pollution Prevention Roundtable (GLRPPR)
URL: http://www.glrppr.org/contacts/gltopichub.cfm?sectorid=28

Guidance for Protecting Building Environments from Airborne Chemical, Biological or Radiological Attacks
Abstract: Identifies actions that a building owner or manager can implement without undue delay to enhance occupant protection from a chemical, biological, or radiological attack. This document includes information on what a building manager can do, things not to do, specific recommendations, physical site security, ventilation and filtration, as well as maintenance, administration and training. Document is in HTML format, but may also be downloaded at this URL in PDF format (length: 40 pages).
Source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
URL: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/bldvent/2002-139.html

Hazardous Materials Safety for the Safe Transportation of Hazardous Materials
Abstract: This web site provides information on aspects of the DOT Hazardous Materials Risk Management Program.
Source: U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT)
URL: http://phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat

Homeland Security: EPA's Management of Clean Air Act Chemical Facility Data [PDF]
Abstract: Professional and trade groups representing critical infrastructure sectors including the chemical industry generally oppose the release of information regarding the vulnerability of such facilities. These groups argue that terrorists could use this information to target the chemical facilities that are most vulnerable or located near population centers. Other groups support communities' right to information about hazards to which they might be exposed. Federal, state, and local governments have weighed these factors in reassessing the information publicly available in their publications and on their Web sites. For this reason, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is currently reviewing its management of the chemical facility information it has obtained under Clean Air Act provisions. (PDF format; Length: 7 pages)
Source: U.S. General Accounting Office
URL: http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d03509r.pdf

Homeland Security: Voluntary Initiatives Are Under Way at Chemical Facilities, but the Extent of Security Preparedness is Unknown [PDF]
Abstract: The events of September 11, 2001, triggered a national re-examination of the security of thousands of industrial facilities that use or store hazardous chemicals in quantities that could potentially put large numbers of Americans at risk of serious injury or death in the event of a terrorist-caused chemical release. GAO was asked to examine (1) available information on the threats and risks from terrorism faced by U.S. chemical facilities; (2) federal requirements for security preparedness and safety at facilities; (3) actions taken by federal agencies to assess the vulnerability of the industry; and (4) voluntary actions the chemical industry has taken to address security preparedness, and the challenges it faces in protecting its assets and operations.
Source: U.S. General Accounting Office
URL: http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d03439.pdf

Hospitals for a Healthy Environment (H2E)
Abstract: Cooperative effort between the American Hospital Association and EPA with goal of virtual mercury elimination by 2005. Site includes information on mercury, waste reduction, chemicals/P2, green buildings, green purchasing, and other tools.
Source: American Hospital Association
URL: http://cms.h2e-online.org/about/

Inherently Safer Processes and Plants
Abstract: This web site provides links to articles and presentations by Dennis C. Hendershot of Rohm & Haas Company on inherently safer processes and plants.
Source: D.C. Hendershot
URL: http://home.att.net/~d.c.hendershot/papers.htm

LEPCs and Deliberate Releases: Addressing Terrorist Activities in the Local Emergency Plan [PDF]
Abstract: This factsheet discusses how Local Emergency Planning Committees (LEPCs) can incorporate counter-terrorism measures into their plans. Suggestions are provided for modifying current activities to include deliberate releases of chemical and biological agents. (Length: 6 pages)
Source: US EPA Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response
URL: http://www.epa.gov/emergencies/docs/chem/lepcct.pdf

Mary Kay O'Connor Process Safety Center
Abstract: This center was established at Texas A&M University in 1995. The Center conducts programs and research activities that enhance safety in the chemical process industries. The Center also develops safer processes, equipment, procedures and management strategies to minimize losses within the processing industry. The Center?s website includes information on its research, educational programs, access to its library and safety alerts.
Source: Texas A&M University
URL: http://psc.tamu.edu/

NSWMA: Legislative and Regulatory Issues
Abstract: This portion of the NSWMA web site includes information on transportation security.
Source: National Solid Wastes Management Association (NSWMA)
URL: http://wastec.isproductions.net/webmodules/webarticles/anmvi
ewer.asp?a=255

On the Alert
Abstract: Written by Robert Ferguson, this article discusses the use of biosensors as early warning systems to detect chemical contaminants in drinking water. Check with your local library for availability of this publication and/or interlibrary loan options. Check the magazine?s web site, http://www.eponline.com/, for subscription information and online availability of articles.
Source: Environmental Protection, Vol. 14, No. 5, pages 43-46
URL:

OSHA Hazard Communication Standards (29 CFR 1910.1200)
Abstract: These standards require employers to develop a written Hazard Communication Program for their employees and contractors involved in hazardous waste operations. The program must identify, evaluate and control safety and health hazards, and provide for emergency response for hazardous waste operations.
Source: Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
URL: http://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document?p_tabl
e=STANDARDS&p_id=10099

Pesticide Safety and Site Security
Abstract: This safety alert highlights general security measures that pesticide manufacturers and other companies that store pesticides should review. Includes sections related to knowing and understanding potential security threats, considerations for evaluating pesticide security, and timely coordination with authorities, as well as resources for further information.
Source: US EPA Office of Pesticide Programs
URL: http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/factsheets/pest_secu_alert.htm

Pollution Prevention Northwest, Winter 2002: P2 and National Security [PDF]
Abstract: This edition of the PPRC newsletter focuses on ways in which pollution prevention may enhance national security. Provides a good overview of the topic, as well as resources for further information. Also available in HTML format at http://www.pprc.org/pprc/pubs/newslets/news0302.html. (PDF Format; Length: 10 pages)
Source: Pacific Northwest Pollution Prevention Resource Center (PPRC)
URL: http://www.pprc.org/pubs/newsletter/winter02.pdf

Preventing Toxic Terrorism: How Some Chemical Facilities Are Removing Danger to American Communities
Abstract: The Department of Homeland Security and numerous security experts have warned that terrorists could turn hazardous chemical facilities into improvised weapons of mass destruction. Some of these facilities have replaced acutely hazardous chemicals with safer, readily available alternatives?making themselves less appealing terrorist targets, while also removing the ever-present danger of a serious accident. At these facilities, no failure in safety or security can send a catastrophic gas cloud into a nearby community. The Center for American Progress, with assistance from the National Association of State PIRGs and National Environmental Trust, conducted a survey to identify such facilities and spotlight successful practices that have removed unnecessary chemical dangers from our communities. This survey (which covered facilities that no longer report using extremely hazardous substances under the federal Risk Management Planning program) found that facilities across the country, representing a range of industries, have switched to safer alternatives from a variety of hazardous chemicals, producing dramatic security and safety benefits at a reasonable cost. This report summarizes the results of that survey. The full report, as well as a map of the facilities covered by the report (both in PDF format) are available for download from the URL listed here.
Source: Center for American Progress
URL: http://www.americanprogress.org/site/apps/s/custom.asp?c=biJ
RJ8OVF&b=1573179

Publicly Owned Treatment Works Topic Hub
Abstract: This primer is intended as a quick guide to the essential pollution prevention information related to Publicly Owned Treatment Works, as well as a compilation of pertinent on-line resources.
Source: Southwest Network for Zero Waste and P2Rx
URL: http://www.glrppr.org/hubs/toc.cfm?hub=601&subsec=7&nav=7

Requirements of the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002
Abstract: Requires most community water systems to conduct a vulnerability assessment and prepare or revise an emergency response plan, which incorporates the results of the vulnerability assessment. The system must then certify completion of the assessment and plan to the U.S. EPA administrator. (PDF Format; Length: 105 pages)
Source: U.S. EPA
URL: http://cfpub.epa.gov/safewater/watersecurity/bioterrorism.cf
m

Rupture Hazard from Liquid Storage Tanks [PDF]
Abstract: This safety alert highlights the environmental contamination that may result from catastrophic failure of liquid storage tanks, particularly those for the storage of fertilizer. Includes accident case studies, information on hazard identification and reduction, and resources for further information. (Length: 5 pages)
Source: US EPA Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response
URL: http://www.epa.gov/emergencies/docs/chem/tanks7.pdf

Safe Storage and Handling of Swimming Pool Chemicals [PDF]
Abstract: This safety alert serves as a reminder the pool chemicals are potentially hazardous substances and thus should be stored and handled with the proper safety considerations in mind. Includes information on hazard triggers, hazard controls, protective measures and resources for further information. (Length: 7 pages)
Source: US EPA Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response
URL: http://www.epa.gov/emergencies/docs/chem/spalert.pdf

Sandia Develops Tool For Assessing Vulnerability of Buildings to Chemical and Biological Attacks
Abstract: A research team from the Department of Energy?s Sandia National Laboratories has developed modeling and simulation tools for assessing the threat and vulnerability of buildings to chemical and biological attacks.
Source: Sandia National Laboratories
URL: http://www.sandia.gov/media/NewsRel/NR2001/build.htm

Sandia Studies Security at Nation's Chemical Plants
Abstract: As part of a project sponsored by the Department of Justice, Sandia physical security experts have developed a systematic, risk-based assessment process called a vulnerability assessment methodology (VAM) that could be used to evaluate and improve security at more than 10,000 facilities in the U.S. that manufacture, store, or use hazardous chemicals.
Source: Sandia National Laboratories
URL: http://www.sandia.gov/media/NewsRel/NR2002/chemplant.htm

Security Check: Hospitals Haven't Filled Rx for High-Tech Measures
Abstract: Written by Sarah A Klein, this article discusses security vulnerabilities particular to hospitals, providing some local examples from Chicago hospitals. Some suggestions for security improvement are made. Check with your local library for availability of this publication and/or interlibrary loan options. Check the magazine?s web site, http://www.chicagobusiness.com/mag/, for subscription information and online availability of articles.
Source: Crain's Chicago Business, Vol. 26 No. 19 (pages 13-14)
URL:

Security Vulnerability Analysis-- Guidelines for Analyzing and Managing the Security Vulnerabilities at Fixed Chemical Sites
Abstract: The Center for Chemical Process Safety (CCPS) of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE) developed this method for industry to analyze their chemical security risks. The CCPS's SVA approach has been identified by the American Chemistry Council as one of the recommended methods for their member companies to employ in conducting analyses at their facilities as part of the Responsible Care® security code. At this web site you may order a copy of this book, request an electronic copy, register for training, or obtain additional resources referenced in the book.
Source: American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE)
URL: http://www.aiche.org/ccpssecurity/

Site Security Guidelines for the U.S. Chemical Industry [PDF]
Abstract: These guidelines outline typical elements of a good security program and suggest security practices that managers can consider and tailor to their facilities' particular circumstances. This includes information on employee and contractor security issues, risk assessment, prevention strategies, training, emergency response and crisis management, and physical and cyber security issues. The guidelines are available at this web site in PDF or MS Word format. (Length: 60 pages)
Source: American Chemistry Council, SOCMA, and Chlorine Institute
URL: http://www.nicsinfo.org/docs/Security%20Guide%20Final%2010-2
2.pdf

Site Vulnerability Assessments for Facilities That Use, Store, or Transport Chemicals
Abstract: Written by David Heinold and Douglas Smith, ScD., this article describes a step-wise approach to facility vulnerability assessments that is used by ENSR International consultants.
Source: ENSR International
URL: http://www.ensr.aecom.com/Resources/45/58/index.jsp

The Green Chemistry Institute (American Chemical Society)
Abstract: The Green Chemistry Institute (GCI) is a non-profit organization within the American Chemical Society (ACS) founded to promote green chemistry through research, education, information dissemination, conferences & symposia, and international collaboration. GCI works across disciplines and academic, government, and industry sectors to promote the development and implementation of chemical products and processes that reduce or eliminate the use and generation of hazardous substances. The GCI web site provides information on green chemistry awards programs, educational materials, a list of educational institutions that offer academic green chemistry programs, links to international chapters of the GCI, news, information on upcoming green chemistry meetings/conferences, research opportunities, and resources for further information.
Source: American Chemical Society
URL: http://portal.acs.org/portal/acs/corg/content?_nfpb=true&_pa
geLabel=PP_TRANSITIONMAIN&node_id=830&use_sec=false&sec_
url_var=region1&__uuid=b1209e27-7bac-47d6-956c-875082d8c339

The Printer's One Plan Approach to the OSHA Hazard Communication Program, the EPA Emergency Response Plan, and the EPA Risk Management Plan
Abstract: Virtually all printers are required by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) to develop a written Hazard Communication Program, and most printers are required by OSHA to develop a written Emergency Action and Fire Prevention Plan. However, only a portion of the printers in the United States are required by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to develop an Emergency Response Plan, and even fewer are required to comply with the Section 112(r) regulations that went into affect June 21, 1999 which requires affected facilities to develop a Risk Management Plan. This fact sheet briefly discusses the elements of each set of rules and then explains how printers can satisfy each of these requirements (as applicable) in one written plan.
Source: Printers? National Environmental Assistance Center (PNEAC)
URL: http://www.pneac.org/sheets/all/printersoneplan.cfm

Transportation Security Regulations
Abstract: The TSA issues and administers Transportation Security Regulations (TSRs), which are codified in Title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Chapter XII, parts 1500 through 1699. These regulations cover air, land and maritime travel and transport.
Source: U.S. Transportation Security Administration
URL: http://www.tsa.gov/research/laws/regs/editorial_multi_image_
with_table_0205.shtm

U.S. EPA Security Strategy
Abstract: In September 2002, EPA published a Strategic Plan for Homeland Security outlining the Agency's activities and initiatives through fiscal year 2005 in support of homeland security. The 2004 Homeland Security Strategy (PDF) (68 pp, 1.6 Mb) updates this earlier effort and furthers EPA's strategic planning process. Specifically, the update takes into consideration the Agency's available resources through fiscal year 2005, recent Presidential Directives and expectations, and the evolving role of the Department of Homeland Security.
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
URL: http://www.epa.gov/OHS/htm/ohs-sp.htm

U.S. EPA: Human Health Research Program
Abstract: EPA's Human Health Research Program offers this Web site on the latest information on its research to protect public health. The program's science looks at such questions as why some people are more sensitive to pollution and how exposure to chemicals affects people's health. The site is designed for the general public as well as for the scientific community. The site provides easy access to research and results on methods, tools, and data needed to improve risk assessments to protect the public. Visitors to the site will find an overview of the research, information on how research has contributed to decision making, resource materials available in journal publications and reports, and a listing of meetings and conferences.
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
URL: http://www.epa.gov/hhrp/

U.S. EPA: Risk Management Program
Abstract: The Risk Management Program Rule requires that companies that use certain flammable and toxic substances to develop a Risk Management Program (RMP). RMPs include hazard assessments, prevention programs and emergency response programs. The Risk Management Program is about reducing chemical risk at the local level. This information helps local fire, police, and emergency response personnel (who must prepare for and respond to chemical accidents), and is useful to citizens in understanding the chemical hazards in communities.
Source: US EPA CEPPO
URL: http://www.epa.gov/emergencies/content/rmp/

U.S. EPA: The EPA and Food Security
Abstract: This factsheet provides an overview of EPA activities that contribute to food security in the U.S.
Source: U.S. EPA
URL: http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/factsheets/securty.htm

WMRC: Green Chemistry
Abstract: This portion of the WMRC web site explains what green chemistry is, provides a list of current projects (within Illinois and beyond), contains links to green chemistry resources, and features a calendar of green chemistry-related events.
Source: Waste Management and Research Center (WMRC)
URL: http://www.wmrc.uiuc.edu/main_sections/tech_assist/green_che
mistry.cfm

 


The Topic Hub™ is a product of the Pollution Prevention Resource Exchange (P2Rx)

The P2 and Environmental Security Topic Hub™ was developed by:

Great Lakes Regional Pollution Prevention Roundtable
Great Lakes Regional Pollution Prevention Roundtable
Contact email: glrppr@istc.illinois.edu

Hub Last Updated: 10/2/2012